Doubt-raising Phrases, Public Chauvinism, and a Cautionary Tale of Garbage In, Garbage Out
5 Ally Actions | Oct 12, 2018
Each week, we share five simple actions to create a more inclusive workplace and become a better ally.
1. Give wholehearted recommendations
Recommendations come in many forms. Formal letters, social media endorsements, verbal reference checks, and back-channel casual conversations. And when giving any kind of recommendation, we should show complete confidence. No hedging (“she might be good”), faint praises (“she’ll do okay”), or other phrases that undermine (“she needs only minimal guidance”).
Wondering why we’re calling this out? Turns out that in a recent study of recommendations for academic positions, letters about women included more doubt-raising phrases than those about men, and that even one such phrase can make a difference in a job search.
The next time we give someone a recommendation, let’s make it a wholehearted one.
2. Denounce anyone who says women are inferior to their male colleagues
We’ve seen this before. Men proclaiming women aren’t biologically suited to be scientists or software engineers. The latest? During a talk at a workshop on gender issues in physics, a man told women that they’re inferior at physics. Oh, and he also whined that the field discriminates against men.
Take a minute to think how you would have pushed back if you had been in the audience. Unfortunately, you might have the opportunity to use those lines sometime in the future.
3. If you design software, allow every gender to select every title
Seems obvious to us, but clearly not everyone thinks this way. Last week, we learned that the Royal Jordanian Airlines app prevented a female user from selecting “Dr.” as her title. And the error message was crystal clear: “Title DR. is not valid for this gender. Please change your Title option.”
They’ve since fixed their app, but what the heck were they thinking?
4. Ask about “pronouns.” But not “preferred pronouns”
We shouldn’t presume to know someone’s pronouns based on their physical appearance. Many non-binary people use “them” and “they.” Trans people decide when others should start addressing them using new pronouns, and what those pronouns should be. And some cisgender people forsake the traditional “he” or “she” pronouns for “they” or something else.
Not sure what pronouns to use? Try introducing yourself with a simple, “I use she and her. What pronouns do you use?” It’s respectful, and their answer provides clear guidance. (Thanks to Dom Brassey for recommending this approach.)
And please don’t ask someone for their preferred pronouns. That makes it sound like using their pronouns is optional, which it’s not.
5. Don’t train an AI with biased input
This week, we learned Amazon scrapped their AI recruiting tool because it was biased against women.
As Buzzfeed’s Ryan Broderick tweeted, “Amazon built an AI to rate job applications. It analyzed 10 years of (male dominated) hires. Then it started penalizing resumes that included the word ‘women’s,’ downgrading graduates from all women’s colleges, and highly rating aggressive language.” Whoops.
Computer scientists have an apt phrase for this: “Garbage in, garbage out.”
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